European Union – Millennium Development Goals (MDG) Initiative:
The EU-MDG Initiative mobilises money from one of the EU’s main instruments of development assistance, the 10th European Development Fund (EDF). It envisages a total extra financial effort of €1 billion. The MDG Initiative focuses on those African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries that have designed projects of high quality to achieve results in the areas where progress is most needed: food security, water and sanitation, maternal health and child mortality.
In Uganda, the EU has authorised 30.5 million Euros for support to the MDG 7c: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of the population without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation. The project entitled ‘Water Supply and Sanitation Development in Small Towns and Rural Growth Centres in Uganda’ provides access to safe water and sanitation facilities for 350,000 people living in the South-western and Eastern Region.
The investments under the project are carried out by the regional ‘Water and Sanitation Development Facilities’ (WSDF). The WSDFs are de-concentrated units of the Ministry of Water and Environment. The Austrian Development Agency (ADA) acts as delegatee of the EU for project implementation.
The Austrian Development Agency (ADA) is the Operational Unit of the Austrian Development Cooperation (ADC). It is in charge of implementing all bilateral programmes and projects in ADC’s partner countries and administers the budget earmarked for this.
Since the mid-1980s, Austria and Uganda have fostered their close development cooperation and enjoyed a lively cultural exchange. In 1993, Uganda became a priority country for ADC.
Since the mid-90s this support had both a thematic and a regional focus, on water and sanitation for small towns and so-called rural growth centres in South West Uganda under a project called “South Western Towns Water and Sanitation”. This was later transformed into an institution known as “Water and Sanitation Development Facility” (WSDF), a regional unit of the Ministry of Water and Environment where local governments and communities can submit applications for piped water supply schemes and support for improved sanitation. The WSDF model in the Southwest has since been replicated in all regions in Uganda.
The African Development Bank Group is a multilateral development financial institution whose overarching objective is to spur sustainable economic development and social progress in its regional member countries (RMCs), thus contributing to poverty reduction. The African Development Bank’s Strategy for 2013–2022 reflects the aspirations of the entire African continent with two key objectives, inclusive growth, and the transition to green growth. The Bank’s specific support in Uganda is tied to two pillars, (i) infrastructure development and (ii) skills and technology development. It is currently providing support to urban sewerage and faecal sludge management, and both rural and urban water supply systems. The Bank has committed USD 69:78m (UA 43.59m) towards the Water Supply and Sanitation program of which UA 20m is to support the WSDF Central branch for implementation of at least 20 water supply and sanitation infrastructure for small towns and rural growth centres as well as awareness creation of improved water resources management and catchment protection, capacity building activities and regional sanitation promotional campaigns.
KfW Entwicklungsbank is part of the KfW Banking Group with more than 4,000 employees and 60 offices worldwide. It promotes reform processes, investments and accompanying advisory services, and currently implements close to 2,000 projects in 110 countries.
In Uganda, KfW engages in the promotion of renewable energy, water and sanitation and financial sector development. Since 2010 it has been supporting the WSDF North and East branches by financing the protection of water resources and construction of piped drinking water systems and sanitation schemes in small towns.
The Ministry of Water and Environment (MWE) defines national policies and standards, has the responsibility of managing and regulating water resources and determining priorities for water development and management. It implements, monitors and evaluates sector development programmes to keep track of their performance, efficiency and effectiveness in service delivery.
A key programme is the five year Joint Water and Environment Sector Support Programme JWESSP 2013-2018, an initiative of the MWE in cooperation with a number of Development Partners The JWESSP is mainly financed through a the Joint Programme Fund (JPF), a basket fund through which DANIDA, ADA, KfW, AfDB and the FAO are pooling donor financial contributions. Among others the JWESSP/JPF provides the technical and financial framework for investments in safe water and improved sanitation in small towns and rural growth centers by the WSDFs.